Map of the East Africa crisis in Ethiopia
The number of people affected by the 2017 East Africa crisis in Ethiopia.
Why we work in Ethiopia
A series of failed rainy seasons caused by El Niño resulted in the worst drought in Ethiopia in 30 years in 2017. Over 10 million people were in need of emergency assistance.
Ethiopia’s economy is one of the fastest growing in the world but the long-term effects of civil war, drought and famine in the 1970s and 1980s mean that almost two thirds of Ethiopians are illiterate and 2.8 million children are not in school. Most of these children are girls living in rural areas and children with disabilities.
7474% of women have undergone FGM.
4141% of girls are married by their 18th birthday.
33One third of Ethiopians live below the poverty line of less than US $1.25 per day.
In Ethiopia three out of four people make a living through farming.1 Nearly half of these farmers are women, who are often denied the right to own or inherit land because of their gender.
Female genital mutilation, a brutal practice which can cause death and countless health complications, is common. Girls are taken out of school, and once they are cut, they are often then forced into early marriage.
What we do in Ethiopia
In Ethiopia, ActionAid helps women to set up savings and credit cooperatives. We train women to keep bees, rear animals, grow vegetables and start weaving businesses. We also provide women with information on their inheritance and property rights so they can claim what is rightfully theirs.
ActionAid trains women to recognise, prevent and report all forms of violence against women and girls. Members of our Women’s Watch Groups learn about their rights, and feel more confident about reporting cases of child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM) as a result.
We also support girls’ access to education. We work with parent-and-teacher associations and local governments to renovate schools destroyed in recent wars. We have installed clean water facilities, separate toilets for girls and boys and supplied schools with library books and teaching resources.
Our work with pre-school children has also helped to change attitudes towards girls’ education. In Amhara Region in northern Ethiopia, we built several pre-schools and trained teachers in early childhood development. This work has been endorsed by the Ethiopian government, who have opened a further 40 pre-schools across the state in the last two years.
How we’re changing lives for good in Ethiopia
In 2014, ActionAid helped 230,000 girls finish primary school and 35,000 women to earn a living in Ethiopia. In 2013, groups from across Ethiopia worked together to prevent 157 cases of early marriage and 231 cases of FGM.2
Women's economic independence
Gete Haile chairs a savings and credit group in Girar Jarso, in the Shewa region, central Ethiopia. After receiving training and a small loan from ActionAid, she bought two cows. Today her business has grown to include six cows that produce 35 litres of milk a day.
Not only is Gete’s business self-sustaining, it has inspired other women to become independent too. As leader of the credit group, Gete is responsible for looking after 300,000 birr (£9,000) in savings to be used by women for local projects.
“It’s important that the cooperative is run by women. Before we had to depend on our husbands for any income,” said Gete. “Now thanks to the cooperative and the loans, we are able to earn our own income and be economically independent.”Read our blogs about ending hunger
Helping girls go to school
When 12-year-old Chuchu fell ill last year she had to drop out of school. “Now, I spend my days helping my mother with work, feeding the cows, selling the milk at the market, and cleaning around the house," she said.
ActionAid is supporting a new school in her community, which will enable her to continue her eduaction and improve her opportunities for the future.
Birhane Kenenies, a teacher in the community said, “It is especially important for girls to go to school because when they drop out they often get married. When they attend school they gain confidence and we can educate them about their rights and equality”.Sponsor a child like Chuchu