Ethiopia | ActionAid UK

Ethiopia

  • 74%

    74% of women have undergone FGM.

  • 41%

    41% of girls are married by their 18th birthday.

  • 1/3

    One third of Ethiopians live below the poverty line of less than US $1.25 per day.

In Ethiopia three out of four people make a living through farming.1 Nearly half of these farmers are women, who are often denied the right to own or inherit land because of their gender.  

Female genital mutilation, a brutal practice which can cause death and countless health complications, is common. Girls are taken out of school, and once they are cut, they are often then forced into early marriage. 

What we do in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, ActionAid helps women to set up savings and credit cooperatives. We train women to keep bees, rear animals, grow vegetables and start weaving businesses. We also provide women with information on their inheritance and property rights so they can claim what is rightfully theirs.

ActionAid trains women to recognise, prevent and report all forms of violence against women and girls. Members of our Women’s Watch Groups learn about their rights, and feel more confident about reporting cases of child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM) as a result. 

We also support girls’ access to education. We work with parent-and-teacher associations and local governments to renovate schools destroyed in recent wars. We have installed clean water facilities, separate toilets for girls and boys and supplied schools with library books and teaching resources. 

Our work with pre-school children has also helped to change attitudes towards girls’ education. In Amhara Region in northern Ethiopia, we built several pre-schools and trained teachers in early childhood development. This work has been endorsed by the Ethiopian government, who have opened a further 40 pre-schools across the state in the last two years.

How we’re changing lives for good in Ethiopia

In 2014, ActionAid helped 230,000 girls finish primary school and 35,000 women to earn a living in Ethiopia. In 2013, groups from across Ethiopia worked together to prevent 157 cases of early marriage and 231 cases of FGM.2

Women’s economic independence

Gete Haile chairs a savings and credit group in Girar Jarso, in the Shewa region, central Ethiopia. After receiving training and a small loan from ActionAid, she bought two cows. Today her business has grown to include six cows that produce 35 litres of milk a day.

Not only is Gete’s business self-sustaining, it has inspired other women to become independent too. As leader of the credit group, Gete is responsible for looking after 300,000 birr (£9,000) in savings to be used by women for local projects.

“It’s important that the cooperative is run by women. Before we had to depend on our husbands for any income,” said Gete. “Now thanks to the cooperative and the loans, we are able to earn our own income and be economically independent.” 

Read our blogs about ending hunger

Greg Funnell/ActionAid

,Greg Funnell/ActionAid

Helping girls go to school

When 12-year-old Chuchu fell ill last year she had to drop out of school. “Now, I spend my days helping my mother with work, feeding the cows, selling the milk at the market, and cleaning around the house," she said.

ActionAid is supporting a new school in her community, which will enable her to continue her eduaction and improve her opportunities for the future.

Birhane Kenenies, a teacher in the community said, “It is especially important for girls to go to school because when they drop out they often get married. When they attend school they gain confidence and we can educate them about their rights and equality”.

Sponsor a child like Chuchu

Stopping child marriage

When she was 13, Asegedech stood up to her father when he tried to arrange her marriage to a man she didn’t know. With the help of a Child Protection Club and the Women’s Watch Group she helped her father to understand that early marriage is against the law. 

Asegedech also plucked up the courage to talk to him about how important staying in school was to her. She hopes to become a lawyer when she's older.

Find out more about how we fight for girls' rights

,Greg Funnell/ActionAid

Footnotes

Top image: Six year-old Ture Feyisa carries her 6-month old baby sister on her back, standing next to her mother Boge Abera, 25, outside their village in Shewa region, Ethiopia. Greg Funnell/ActionAid