What is happening in Somalia and Somaliland in 2019-2020?
Communities in the region are struggling to recover from the 2017 drought which was extended by hot, dry weather conditions in 2018 and 2019.
Prolonged dry conditions across the region have led to farmland and pastures failing, loss of livestock, increased food prices, and reduction of the availability of water in large areas of Somalia and Somaliland.
A sharp increase in food insecurity has resulted in 5.4 million people without nutritious food, 2.2 million of which are now at risk of a food crisis3. Children are suffering from severe malnutrition especially amongst the displaced populations.
Pre-existing health, washing and shelter needs are worsening and the humanitarian needs of the region’s internally displaced population is growing. Over 60,000 people have been displaced by drought since the beginning of 20194.
Without a rapid intervention from the international community, ActionAid fears that the country could see a repeat of the famine that struck Somalia in 2010-2011 which killed over 250,000 people.
ActionAid has received reports from our staff and partners of a possible outbreak of a cholera-like disease in some of the areas worst affected by the drought.
This reflects what is happening in other countries affected by the hunger crisis like Yemen and South Sudan. With people already weakened by hunger, their ability to survive disease outbreaks is lessened, contributing to the alarmingly high death toll reported.
What is happening in Kenya and Ethiopia in 2019-2020?
In Kenya, rains were delayed across the whole country leaving 2.3 million people in a food crisis in 2019.
In Ethiopia, the eastern and southern-eastern areas are experiencing drought while other regions are affected by flooding. 8.8 million people are in need of assistance.
What is ActionAid doing to help Somaliland, Kenya and Ethiopia in 2019-2020?
In 2019, around 850,000 people in Somaliland are in need of food assistance. So far ActionAid has provided 725 families with cash transfers. These cash transfers go directly to women and empower them to decide how best to prioritise their families’ needs. Women spend these monthly cash transfers on food, water, shelter and medicine.
In Kenya, ActionAid is delivering urgently needed food by distributing 6,088 food parcels to the worst hit households and setting up a school feeding programme to provide a daily meal that can keep over 5,000 children in school.
In Ethiopia, 1974 people including 1,160 women were provided with one-month cash transfers for food.
In all the regions, ActionAid is also distributing sanitary kits and training women's coalitions in leadership skills to identify the needs of their community.