Mozambique | ActionAid UK


  • 48
    48% of girls are married by their 18th birthday.1
  • 33
    1/3 of the population does not have access to sufficient food.2
  • 49
    49% of adults can’t read and write.3

Women's rights in Mozambique

Women are often treated unequally in Mozambique. 

Nearly half of all women are forced to marry before their 18th birthday. It is also common for women to face traditional practices such as “Kutxinga”, or widow purification, in which they are forced to marry their late husband’s younger brothers.

Although Mozambique has achieved over 90% enrolment in primary education, (compared to just 56% in 1995), drop-out rates are still high, and it is mostly girls who are missing out on a full education.

Nearly half of women are illiterate, and many are unaware of their rights to basic services such as healthcare.

Smallholder farmers walking through flooded paths after floods in Buzi, Mozambique

Smallholder farmers walking through flooded paths after floods in Buzi, Mozambique. 

Photo: Daniel Jukes/ActionAid

What we do in Mozambique

Through our work supporting farming associations, ActionAid helps thousands of women to access and control the land they work on, and increase the amount of food they produce.

We train women in sustainable farming methods, enabling them to plant diverse and resilient crops that will grow throughout the year and boost their income.

We also support families who have been affected by floods by providing emergency food supplies, shelter, and seeds to replant crops.

Supporting women's rights and ending violence

ActionAid works with women’s groups, police officers, teachers and students to raise awareness of the dangers of harmful traditional practices, and to reinforce the protection of women and girls in their everyday lives – at home, in school, at work on public transport and in market places.

We support thousands of women and girls, offering workshops on how to identify and report incidences of violence and to follow-up with local courts and tribunals.

To improve education opportunities for women, we support groups where they can learn to read and write. These groups also play a fundamental role in raising adults’ awareness of the barriers to children getting an education, and come up with ways in which children – particularly girls - could be encouraged to return to school.

We also train and support school councils which bring together children, parents, teachers and the wider community to tackle issues like drop-out rates and making schools safe for girls.


Disasters in Mozambique

Coronavirus crisis

There are currently confirmed cases of Covid-19 in nine of Mozambique's 10 provinces. 

ActionAid are on the ground responding to the crisis in affected areas.

We are focusing on the prevention of the virus, through information dissemination and awareness raising; we are also distributing essential aid to meet families' immediate needs, including food, seeds, and hygiene kits

A rise in domestic violence, mainly affecting women, has now been confirmed by the government in Mozambique. ActionAid is therefore working with women's groups and local leaders to protect women from gender-based violence, through training, awareness-raising and advocacy projects.

See more about our Coronavirus Appeal, and how you can help

Southern Africa food crisis 2020

Mozambique is currently facing a severe food crisis, related to two devastating cyclones which struck in 2019, and the worst drought the region has faced in 35 years.

ActionAid is scaling up to respond to the food crisis in Mozambique and neighbouring countries. We’re distributing life-saving items like food and water purification tablets, plus critical items for longer term health, such as safe sanitary products and hygiene kits.

Learn more about this crisis and how you can help

Cyclone Idai 2019

In March 2019 we responded to Cyclone Idai, a devastating cyclone that affected Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe. 

Possibly the worst weather-related disaster to ever hit the southern hemisphere, the cyclone killed at least 1,000 people and left 400,000 without a home. 

Mozambique was the worst-affected country in the region - 1.5 million people were affected. 

ActionAid’s initial response included distributing food, blankets, water sterilising tablets, shelter, clothes and mosquito nets in the affected countries. In Mozambique, our response included:

  • the distribution of sanitary kits for women and girls
  • the distribution of school books, so children could continue to learn
  • establishing women-friendly spaces to help prevent violence against women and girls, and provide psychological support to those affected. 

In the long-term, our work includes helping communities to rebuild their livelihoods, by training women in farming and distributing agricultural tools. 

Find out more about Cyclone Idai in Mozambique