1 in 10
One in 10 girls in Africa miss school because they don’t have access to sanitary products, or because there aren’t safe, private toilets to use at school.1
In Kenya alone, approximately 50 percent of school-age girls do not have access to sanitary products2
In India, approximately 12 percent of its 355 million menstruating women cannot afford period products.3
What is period poverty?
Period poverty is a global issue affecting women and girls who don’t have access to safe, hygienic sanitary products, and/or who are unable to manage their periods with dignity, sometimes due to community stigma and sanction.
It doesn’t just refer to those who have no access to sanitary products — in some cases, women and girls have limited access, leading to prolonged use of the same tampons or pads, which can cause infection.1
Around the world, consequences of period poverty can include:
- Girls often miss one or more days of school during their periods, which negatively impacts their education. In Sub-Saharan Africa, for example, some girls will miss as much as 20% of their school year; some may drop out of school altogether.4 The loss of education can mean girls are more likely to be forced into child marriage.
- Women and girls’ health may be put at risk, as they are forced to use dirty rags which can cause infection. Risks can be greater if the women or girl has undergone female genital mutilation (FGM).5
- Due to community stigma women and girls may feel persistent shame and fear during periods,6 and in some cases face social sanctions such as chhaupadi in Nepal.
How ending period poverty changes lives
17-year-old Vast lives in the Chiradzulu District in Malawi, where ActionAid has been working to end period poverty and ensure no girl misses school because of her period.
When she started her period she faced not just period poverty, but stigma from her community: “I was told not to cook with salt because if I do my dad will have stomach pains, and people’s teeth will fall out.” She used to miss out on around three days of school every month.
Thanks to a project helping women and girls make reusable sanitary pads, a lot has changed for Vast.
“These pads make a huge difference. I’m really happy now,” she said.
I am able to stand in class without being conscious of what is behind me and can even play netball. I’m really happy and it helps a lot.”
How ActionAid tackles period poverty
- ActionAid trains women and girls to make safe, reusable sanitary pads so they always have access to clean and affordable sanitary products.
- In our girls’ clubs and safe spaces in schools, we provide information about periods, sex and pregnancy, so girls are better informed about their bodies.
- During humanitarian emergencies, we provide hygiene kits containing sanitary towels, soap and clean underwear, to help women and girls manage their periods safely.
- We’re working with local communities to end the practice of chhaupadi — a period-shaming tradition in Nepal — for good.